1 A statementof values andforty years offield trials


The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) became political necessity in United States when the sites, sounds, and odors of environmental damage became all too apparent to the American public. Highlighted by Rachel Carson's Silent Spring (1962) and Paul Ehrlich's The Population Bomb (1968), and by gruesome photos of devastation, pressure built for government intervention. Some argued that these books, along with magazine articles and photos, were overdramatic exaggerations of reality (Maddox 1972). Yet historians and other scholars who have examined the impact of urban and industrial development during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the United States report ...

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