Reference strategy: model of manifested communication through publications
Input information of scientific research can be studied by references, whereas output information can be studied by citations. The quantity of input information may be approximated by the number of references. This index depends greatly on time and the field of science. It is well known, for example, that papers on clinical medicine have long reference lists, whereas papers on mathematics or engineering refer to significantly fewer publications. This feature does not necessarily indicate, however, that the latter disciplines require less input information for generating new results.
The development of scientific information published can be followed by ...