Scientometric assessments: application of scientometrics for the purposes of science policy
Assessing facts, statements, data, etc. (i.e. pieces of information), before arriving at a decision is one of the most frequent activities of human thinking.
The principles behind scientometric evaluations may be traced back to the social comparison theory of Festinger (1954). Accordingly, evaluation is a characteristic means by which humans learn how to determine their own performance. According to Luukkonen and Stahle (1990) each evaluation is also a learning process for individuals to be evaluated and for those evaluating.
According to Weiss (1978) the assessment process may be value- or problem-orientated. The latter is driven by ...