Chapter 14

Carbon Capture and Storage

Abstract

The vast majority of the energy in the world comes from hydrocarbons, which generate carbon dioxide when they are burned. As a consequence, the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere have risen dramatically, and the prevailing opinion is that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide is leading to global warming. The Kyoto accords were an international agreement designed to reduce carbon dioxide levels. These accords called for power generators to reduce carbon dioxide levels. The principal way to do this is to capture the carbon dioxide before it gets into the atmosphere and then sequester it underground. Carbon capture and sequestration technologies are reviewed here. There is no doubt that the world ...

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