United States (e.g., Al Capone, the “Five Families”)

Traditional organized crime folklore posits the five families’ (viz., individually, the Gambino, Lucchese, Colombo, Bonanno, and Genovese networks) influence predominating in New York City since 1931, depicting a highly coordinated and integrated system of allocation of illicit financial flows from criminal activities; this superstructure was substantially enervated by the so-called Commission case of 1986 (Raab 2019). However, during the mafia or la cosa nostra peak era of the 1960s, the business of organized crime as mediated through the five families in New York City, was thought impregnable due to inadequate criminal laws not sufficiently extended in scope of application and ...

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