Turn Allocation and Turn Sharing
One of the most basic features of conversation is that it involves participants taking turns at speaking. Turns-at-talk embody opportunities to participate in social life, and as such, are valued and sought after. According to Sacks, Schegloff and Jefferson (1974: 696), “the presence of ‘turns’ suggests an economy, with turns … being valued—and with means for allocating them, which affect their relative distribution, as in economies.” In this chapter, I discuss a number of practices employed by the participants that provide for the orderly distribution/allocation of opportunities to produce a turn in conversation. The discussion will be organized in terms of the following guiding questions:
It is important to stress at the outset that the practices of turn allocation and turn sharing described in this chapter are normatively organized. That is, they are methodical procedures that exhibit participants’ normative orientations ...