Causes and Correctives

Wen Liu

Susan Opotow

How can we understand the causes of aggression and violence? Sadly, examples abound. Violence can be part of daily life in structural arrangements, such as unemployment, poverty-level wages, and inadequate health care, in which some have benefits and others do not, and it is always present during war. In this chapter, we invite readers to consider aggression and violence from a broad perspective that includes varied explanations and examples of aggression and violence. We begin by defining aggression and violence and then discuss five lines of psychological research that study the nature, scope, and the dynamics of aggression and violence. The next section ...

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