CHAPTER FORTY

RECONCILIATION BETWEEN GROUPS

Preventing (New) Violence and Improving Lives

Ervin Staub

In this chapter I write about reconciliation both after and before significant violence between groups. Reconciliation between groups that have long been hostile to each other can prevent violence. After significant violence, whether the violence ended through a peace treaty or victory of one side, new violence is highly probable without reconciliation (Long and Brecke, 2003; Staub, 2011). The hostile attitudes toward the other that led to the violence and have intensified in the course of it are still there.

Reconciliation may be defined as mutual acceptance by two groups of each other (Staub and Pearlman, 2001), and “the societal structures ...

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