CHAPTER FORTY-THREE

NONVIOLENT STRUGGLE

An Overview

Gene Sharp

EXAMPLES OF NONVIOLENT STRUGGLE

Many of the most dramatic and politically significant conflicts of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have been waged by nonviolent struggle. Some of these struggles have filled our television screens and front pages. We remember the Solidarity struggles in Poland in the 1980s; the disintegration of the dictatorships in Czechoslovakia and East Germany in 1989, including the fall of the Berlin Wall; the successful defiance of the attempted hardline coup in the Soviet Union in 1991; and the undermining of the Milosovic regime in Serbia in 2000. We also remember the brave student demonstrations in Tiananmen Square in Beijing in 1989, as well ...

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