The Byzantine Empire
476 ce Barbarian general Odoacer deposes the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire and rules as independent king in Italy.
493 ce Ostrogothic ruler Theoderic overthrows Odoacer and becomes king, notionally subject to Byzantine rule.
534 ce Byzantines end Vandal rule in North Africa.
549 ce Byzantines recapture Rome from the Goths for the third and final time.
568 ce Lombards (a barbarian tribe) invade Italy and seize land that Justinian had recaptured for the Byzantines.
751 ce Lombards capture Ravenna—the last remaining major Byzantine holding in northern Italy.
On December 9, 536 ce, the army of the ...