Mongol rule in China


1206 Mongol Empire founded by Genghis Khan.

1215 Genghis Khan sacks Zhongdu (now Beijing), capital of the northern Jin dynasty.

1227 Death of Genghis Khan and fragmentation of the empire into smaller khanates loyal to a single Great Khan.

1260 Kublai declares himself Great Khan.

1266 Kublai orders the reconstruction of Zhongdu, and renames it Khanbalik.


1282 Kublai’s corrupt chief minister Ahmad killed by Chinese assassins.

1289 Southern extension of the Grand Canal completed.

1368 Mongols driven from China. Replaced by the native Chinese Ming dynasty.

In March 1279, Mongol warriors swept through southern China, ...

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