The Ottoman Empire
1071 Turkish forces inflict a significant defeat on the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert.
1389 The Ottomans defeat the Serbs at Kosovo, making possible Ottoman advance into Europe.
1421 Murad II comes to the Ottoman throne and plans extensive conquests.
1517 The Ottomans conquer Mameluke Egypt.
1571 The Ottoman navy suffers a crushing defeat at Lepanto.
1922 The empire ends with the foundation of modern Turkey.
In 1453, the Ottoman Turks attacked and took the city of Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. The loss of this millennium-old Christian empire, which had once stretched virtually ...