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RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Reformation and Counter-Reformation

Before

1379 English reformer John Wycliffe criticizes church practices in De Ecclesia.

1415 Czech reformer Jan Hus is burned at the stake.

1512 During a stay in Rome, Martin Luther’s eyes are opened to church corruption.

After

1520 Lutheran services are held regularly in Copenhagen.

1534 Henry VIII of England breaks from Rome and becomes head of the church in England.

1536 John Calvin begins his church reforms in Switzerland.

1545–63 The Council of Trent reaffirms Catholic doctrines, beginning the Counter-Reformation movement.

In the autumn of 1517, Martin Luther, a monk and teacher of theology at the University ...

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