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The History Book by

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RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Labor movements, socialism, and revolution

Before

1814–15 The Congress of Vienna restores the French monarchy.

1830 Charles X of France is overthrown. Greece obtains its independence from the Ottoman Empire.

1834 An uprising of French silk-weavers is suppressed.

After

1852 The Second French Republic, established in 1848, is dissolved. Louis-Napoleon is proclaimed Napoleon III.

1861 Victor Emmanuel II is declared king of a united Italy.

1870–71 The Franco-Prussian War ends with the unification of Germany under Prussia. The Paris Commune is overthrown, and a Third Republic declared.

On February 24, 1848, Louis-Philippe of France, the “Citizen ...

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