1898 The Russian Socialist Democratic Labour Party is formed.
1905 Russia suffers a crushing defeat in a war against Japan, which leads to an uprising.
1914 Russia enters World War I and quickly suffers heavy losses in defeats to Germany on the Eastern Front.
1918 Tsar Nicholas II and his family are executed.
1922 Lenin creates the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) under the control of the Communist Party.
1929 Stalin becomes leader of the USSR and establishes a dictatorship.
In October 1917, Russia was in turmoil after suffering huge losses in World War I. There were food shortages, and workers in ...