RG

IN CONTEXT

Focus

Maoism to capitalism

Before

1943 Mao becomes Chairman of the Communist Party of China, which bolsters his image as a “strong leader.”

1945–49 A civil war between Communists and Nationalists ends with Mao’s victory.

1958–61 Millions die during Mao’s Great Leap Forward, his attempt to modernize China.

After

1972 US President Richard Nixon’s trip to China paves the way for diplomatic relations between the two countries.

1978 Deng Xiaoping becomes new leader and starts economic reforms.

2015 The IMF ranks China as the world’s largest economy, overtaking the United States.

The Cultural Revolution was one of the darkest periods in Chinese history. ...

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