O'Reilly logo

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

The IGBT Device

Book Description

The IGBT device has proved to be a highly important Power Semiconductor, providing the basis for adjustable speed motor drives (used in air conditioning and refrigeration and railway locomotives), electronic ignition systems for gasolinepowered motor vehicles and energy-saving compact fluorescent light bulbs. Recent applications include plasma displays (flat-screen TVs) and electric power transmission systems, alternative energy systems and energy storage. This book is the first available to cover the applications of the IGBT, and provide the essential information needed by applications engineers to design new products using the device, in sectors including consumer, industrial, lighting, transportation, medical and renewable energy.

The author, B. Jayant Baliga, invented the IGBT in 1980 while working for GE. His book will unlock IGBT for a new generation of engineering applications, making it essential reading for a wide audience of electrical engineers and design engineers, as well as an important publication for semiconductor specialists.

  • Essential design information for applications engineers utilizing IGBTs in the consumer, industrial, lighting, transportation, medical and renewable energy sectors.
  • Readers will learn the methodology for the design of IGBT chips including edge terminations, cell topologies, gate layouts, and integrated current sensors.
  • The first book to cover applications of the IGBT, a device manufactured around the world by more than a dozen companies with sales exceeding $5 Billion; written by the inventor of the device.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. About the Author
  7. Foreword
  8. Preface
  9. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1.1. IGBT Applications Spectrum
    2. 1.2. Basic IGBT Device Structures
    3. 1.3. IGBT Development and Commercialization History
    4. 1.4. Scaling of Power Ratings
    5. 1.5. Summary
  10. Chapter 2. IGBT Structure and Operation
    1. 2.1. Symmetric D-MOS Structure
    2. 2.2. Asymmetric D-MOS Structure
    3. 2.3. Trench-Gate IGBT Structure
    4. 2.4. Transparent Emitter IGBT Structure
    5. 2.5. Novel IGBT Structures
    6. 2.6. Lateral IGBT Structures
    7. 2.7. Complementary IGBT Structures
    8. 2.8. Summary
  11. Chapter 3. IGBT Structural Design
    1. 3.1. Threshold Voltage
    2. 3.2. Symmetric IGBT Structure
    3. 3.3. Asymmetric IGBT Structure
    4. 3.4. Transparent Emitter IGBT Structure
    5. 3.5. Silicon Carbide IGBT Structures
    6. 3.6. Optimum SiC Asymmetric IGBT Structure
    7. 3.7. Summary
  12. Chapter 4. Safe Operating Area Design
    1. 4.1. Parasitic Thyristor
    2. 4.2. Suppressing the Parasitic Thyristor
    3. 4.3. Safe Operating Area
    4. 4.4. Novel Silicon Device Structures
    5. 4.5. Silicon Carbide Devices
    6. 4.6. Summary
  13. Chapter 5. Chip Design, Protection, and Fabrication
    1. 5.1. Active Area
    2. 5.2. Gate Pad Design
    3. 5.3. Edge Termination Design
    4. 5.4. Integrated Sensors
    5. 5.5. Planar-Gate Device Fabrication Process
    6. 5.6. Trench-Gate Device Fabrication Process
    7. 5.7. Lifetime Control
    8. 5.8. Summary
  14. Chapter 6. Package and Module Design
    1. 6.1. Discrete Device Package
    2. 6.2. Improved Discrete Device Package
    3. 6.3. Basic Power Module
    4. 6.4. Flat-Pack Power Module
    5. 6.5. Metal Baseplate Free Power Module
    6. 6.6. Smart Power Modules
    7. 6.7. Reliability
    8. 6.8. Summary
  15. Chapter 7. Gate Drive Circuit Design
    1. 7.1. Basic Gate Drive
    2. 7.2. Asymmetric Gate Drive
    3. 7.3. Two-Stage Gate Drive
    4. 7.4. Active Gate Voltage Control
    5. 7.5. Variable Gate Resistance Drive
    6. 7.6. Digital Gate Drive
    7. 7.7. Summary
  16. Chapter 8. IGBT Models
    1. 8.1. Physics-Based Circuit Model
    2. 8.2. IGBT Analog Behavioral Model
    3. 8.3. Model Parameter Extraction
    4. 8.4. Summary
  17. Chapter 9. IGBT Applications: Transportation
    1. 9.1. Gasoline-Powered Vehicles
    2. 9.2. Electric and Hybrid-Electric Vehicles
    3. 9.3. EV Charging Stations
    4. 9.4. Electric Transit Bus
    5. 9.5. Electric Trams and Trolleys
    6. 9.6. Subway and Airport Trains
    7. 9.7. Electric Locomotives
    8. 9.8. Diesel–Electric Locomotives
    9. 9.9. High-Speed Electric Trains
    10. 9.10. Marine Propulsion
    11. 9.11. All-Electric Aircraft
    12. 9.12. Summary
  18. Chapter 10. IGBT Applications: Industrial
    1. 10.1. Industrial Motor Drives
    2. 10.2. Adjustable Speed Drives for Motor Control
    3. 10.3. Pulse Width Modulated ASD
    4. 10.4. Factory Automation
    5. 10.5. Robotics
    6. 10.6. Welding
    7. 10.7. Induction Heating
    8. 10.8. Milling and Drilling Machines
    9. 10.9. Metal and Paper Mills
    10. 10.10. Electrostatic Precipitators
    11. 10.11. Textile Mills
    12. 10.12. Mining and Excavation
    13. 10.13. IGBT Optimization for Industrial Applications
    14. 10.14. Summary
  19. Chapter 11. IGBT Applications: Lighting
    1. 11.1. TRIAD Incandescent Lamp
    2. 11.2. Compact Fluorescent Lamps
    3. 11.3. Light Emitting Diodes
    4. 11.4. Strobe Flash Light
    5. 11.5. Xenon Short Arc Lamps
    6. 11.6. Stroboscopic Imaging
    7. 11.7. Dimmable Luminaries
    8. 11.8. Rapid Thermal Annealing
    9. 11.9. Summary
  20. Chapter 12. IGBT Applications: Consumer
    1. 12.1. Large Appliances
    2. 12.2. Small Appliances
    3. 12.3. Television
    4. 12.4. IGBT Design Optimization for Consumer Applications
    5. 12.5. Summary
  21. Chapter 13. IGBT Applications: Medical
    1. 13.1. X-Ray Machine
    2. 13.2. Computed Tomography
    3. 13.3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
    4. 13.4. Medical Ultrasonography
    5. 13.5. Defibrillators
    6. 13.6. Medical Synchrotron
    7. 13.7. Medical Lasers
    8. 13.8. IGBT Design for Medical Applications
    9. 13.9. Summary
  22. Chapter 14. IGBT Applications: Defense
    1. 14.1. Power Electronic Building Blocks
    2. 14.2. The Electric Warship
    3. 14.3. Aircraft Carriers
    4. 14.4. Nuclear- and Diesel-Electric Submarines
    5. 14.5. Army Vehicles
    6. 14.6. Air Force Jets
    7. 14.7. Missile Defense
    8. 14.8. IGBTs for Defense Applications
    9. 14.9. Summary
  23. Chapter 15. IGBT Applications: Renewable Energy
    1. 15.1. Hydroelectric Power
    2. 15.2. Photovoltaic Power
    3. 15.3. Wind Power
    4. 15.4. Wave Power
    5. 15.5. Tidal Power
    6. 15.6. Geothermal Power
    7. 15.7. Summary
  24. Chapter 16. IGBT Applications: Power Transmission
    1. 16.1. HVDC Transmission
    2. 16.2. HVDC Components
    3. 16.3. HVDC Trends
    4. 16.4. AC Power Transmission
    5. 16.5. HVDC Back-To-Back Converter
    6. 16.6. Offshore Power Transmission
    7. 16.7. Premium Quality Power Park
    8. 16.8. IGBT Designs for Power Transmission
    9. 16.9. Summary
  25. Chapter 17. IGBT Applications: Financial
    1. 17.1. Power Quality Equipment
    2. 17.2. Power Reliability and Quality
    3. 17.3. Dynamic Voltage Restorer
    4. 17.4. Uninterruptible Power Supplies
    5. 17.5. Premium Quality Power Park
    6. 17.6. IGBT Designs for UPS
    7. 17.7. Summary
  26. Chapter 18. IGBT Applications: Other
    1. 18.1. Smart Home
    2. 18.2. Printing and Copying Machines
    3. 18.3. Inductive Power Transfer
    4. 18.4. Airport Security X-Ray Scanners
    5. 18.5. Pulse Power
    6. 18.6. Particle Physics
    7. 18.7. Pulsed Lasers
    8. 18.8. Food Sterilization
    9. 18.9. Water Treatment
    10. 18.10. Oil/Petroleum Extraction
    11. 18.11. Petrochemical Plant
    12. 18.12. Gas Liquefaction
    13. 18.13. Superconducting Magnetic Storage
    14. 18.14. Fusion Power
    15. 18.15. Standby Power Generators
    16. 18.16. Roller Coasters
    17. 18.17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    18. 18.18. Summary
  27. Chapter 19. IGBT Social Impact
    1. 19.1. Electronic Ignition Systems
    2. 19.2. Adjustable Speed Motor Drives
    3. 19.3. Compact Fluorescent Lamps
    4. 19.4. Summary
  28. Chapter 20. Synopsis
    1. 20.1. State-of-the-Art IGBT Products
    2. 20.2. Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Power Devices
    3. 20.3. Summary
  29. Index