Case Study 3: Reducing Infection and Mortality Rates in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Note: the following is an adaptation of a case study from Children’s Hospital in Cincinnati. Some of the specialized language of health care has been removed to increase understanding for all readers.
Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Cincinnati has used the Model for Improvement for a number of years to guide improvement work. It was decided in 2005 to take lessons learned from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement’s (IHI) 100K Lives campaign (adult focus) and apply these changes to reduce infection and mortality rates for children in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).
The PICU cared for 1,982 patients in 2007, with an average daily census ...

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