5

Trends and Patterns of Employment in India

B. A. Prakash. and M. P. Abraham

5.1 Introduction

The failure to generate adequate productive and gainful employment on a large scale to absorb the growing labour force is one of the basic economic problems of the Indian economy. Though the economic reforms implemented since 1991 have accelerated the development process and generated more employment opportunities in the different sectors, unemployment of a few categories of labour still remains as a major concern. The post-reform period has witnessed substantial changes in the structure of employment. The primary sector comprising agriculture and the allied activities has declined. There has been a marginal increase in the share of the secondary sector. ...

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