6

Trends and Characteristics of Unemployment in India

B. A. Prakash. and M. P. Abraham

6.1 Introduction

Unemployment is one of the basic socio-economic problems of India. Generating more gainful employment activities has been one of the important objectives of the economic policies and planning since Independence. To address the rural poverty and unemployment, a number of poverty alleviation and employment generation schemes were implemented since the early 1970s. The major objectives of the structural adjustment reforms implemented since 1991 have been to achieve rapid economic growth and the generation of more gainful employment opportunities. Though the economic reforms have succeeded in generating new employment opportunities in many sectors ...

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