ARISTOTLE TAUGHT THAT PRIDE WAS THE GREATEST OF ALL VIRTUES because to earn it you had to have all the other virtues—rationality, independent thinking, productivity, honesty, integrity, justice, and so on. As such, pride serves an important role. It is a psychological reminder to behave consistently with your other values and a psychological reward for doing so.

When talking to student groups about pride, I request that the students ask themselves two questions when they are faced with the next ethical decision (and ethical decisions occur fairly often): Would you tell the people you value, not the newspapers, but the people you have judged ...

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