Chapter 3. programming

To bring a robot to life, you need to tell it what to do by writing a computer program for it. A program is a step-by-step list of basic instructions designed to produce a result. These instructions are written in a programming language, an artificial language that a computer can understand.

For example, the instruction “prepare some tea” on its own would not be sufficient for a robotic butler. This would be considered a high-level instruction for that robot, meaning that it would need to be broken down into a sequence of lower-level instructions to actually control the robot.

The high-level instruction “prepare some tea” can be broken down into a list of well-defined, discrete, elemental steps like these:

  • Pick up a pot.

  • Fill ...

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