The Physics and Mathematics of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Cellular Wireless Communication

Book description

An important resource that examines the physical aspects of wireless communications based on mathematical and physical evidence

The Physics and Mathematics of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Cellular Wireless Communicationdescribes the electromagnetic principles for designing a cellular wireless system and includes the subtle electromagnetic principles that are often overlooked in designing such a system. This important text explores both the physics and mathematical concepts used in deploying antennas for transmission and reception of electromagnetic signals and examines how to select the proper methodology from a wide range of scenarios.

In this much-needed guide, the authors—noted experts in the field—explore the principle of electromagnetics as developed through the Maxwellian principles and describe the properties of an antenna in the frequency domain. The text also includes a review of the characterization of propagation path loss in a cellular wireless environment and examines ultrawideband antennas and the mechanisms of broadband transmission of both power and information. This important resource:

  • Includes a discussion of the shortcomings of a MIMO system from both theoretical and practical aspects
  • Demonstrates how to deploy base station antennas with better efficiency
  • Validates the principle and the theoretical analysis of electromagnetic propagation in cellular wireless communication
  • Contains results of experiments that are solidly grounded in mathematics and physics

Written for engineers, researchers, and educators who are or plan to work in the field, The Physics and Mathematics of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Cellular Wireless Communicationoffers an essential resource for understanding the principles underpinning wireless communications.

Table of contents

  1. Cover
  2. Preface
  3. 1 The Mystery of Wave Propagation and Radiation from an Antenna
    1. Summary
    2. 1.1 Historical Overview of Maxwell’s Equations
    3. 1.2 Review of Maxwell–Hertz–Heaviside Equations
    4. 1.3 Development of Wave Equations
    5. 1.4 Methodologies for the Solution of the Wave Equations
    6. 1.5 General Solution of Maxwell’s Equations
    7. 1.6 Power (Correlation) Versus Reciprocity (Convolution)
    8. 1.7 Radiation and Reception Properties of a Point Source Antenna in Frequency and in Time Domain
    9. 1.8 Radiation and Reception Properties of Finite‐Sized Dipole‐Like Structures in Frequency and in Time
    10. 1.9 An Expose on Channel Capacity
    11. 1.10 Conclusion
    12. References
  4. 2 Characterization of Radiating Elements Using Electromagnetic Principles in the Frequency Domain
    1. Summary
    2. 2.1 Field Produced by a Hertzian Dipole
    3. 2.2 Concept of Near and Far Fields
    4. 2.3 Field Radiated by a Small Circular Loop
    5. 2.4 Field Produced by a Finite‐Sized Dipole
    6. 2.5 Radiation Field from a Finite‐Sized Dipole Antenna
    7. 2.6 Maximum Power Transfer and Efficiency
    8. 2.7 Radiation Efficiency of Electrically Small Versus Electrically Large Antenna
    9. 2.8 Challenges in Designing a Matched ESA
    10. 2.9 Near‐ and Far‐Field Properties of Antennas Deployed Over Earth
    11. 2.10 Use of Spatial Antenna Diversity
    12. 2.11 Performance of Antennas Operating Over Ground
    13. 2.12 Fields Inside a Dielectric Room and a Conducting Box
    14. 2.13 The Mathematics and Physics of an Antenna Array
    15. 2.14 Does Use of Multiple Antennas Makes Sense?
    16. 2.15 Signal Enhancement Methodology Through Adaptivity on Transmit Instead of MIMO
    17. 2.16 Conclusion
    18. Appendix 2A Where Does the Far Field of an Antenna Really Starts Under Different Environments?
    19. References
  5. 3 Mechanism of Wireless Propagation
    1. Summary
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Description and Analysis of Measured Data on Propagation Available in the Literature
    4. 3.3 Electromagnetic Analysis of Propagation Path Loss Using a Macro Model
    5. 3.4 Accurate Numerical Evaluation of the Fields Near an Earth–Air Interface
    6. 3.5 Use of the Numerically Accurate Macro Model for Analysis of Okumura et al.’s Measurement Data
    7. 3.6 Visualization of the Propagation Mechanism
    8. 3.7 A Note on the Conventional Propagation Models
    9. 3.8 Refinement of the Macro Model to Take Transmitting Antenna’s Electronic and Mechanical Tilt into Account
    10. 3.9 Refinement of the Data Collection Mechanism and its Interpretation Through the Definition of the Proper Route
    11. 3.10 Lessons Learnt: Possible Elimination of Slow Fading and a Better Way to Deploy Base Station Antennas
    12. 3.11 Cellular Wireless Propagation Occurs Through the Zenneck Wave and not Surface Waves
    13. 3.12 Conclusion
    14. Appendix 3A Sommerfeld Formulation for a Vertical Electric Dipole Radiating Over an Imperfect Ground Plane
    15. Appendix 3B Asymptotic Evaluation of the Integrals by the Method of Steepest Descent
    16. Appendix 3C Asymptotic Evaluation of the Integrals When there Exists a Pole Near the Saddle Point
    17. Appendix 3D Evaluation of Fields Near the Interface
    18. Appendix 3E Properties of a Zenneck Wave
    19. Appendix 3F Properties of a Surface Wave
    20. References
  6. 4 Methodologies for Ultrawideband Distortionless Transmission/Reception of Power and Information
    1. Summary
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Transient Responses from Differently Sized Dipoles
    4. 4.3 A Travelling Wave Antenna
    5. 4.4 UWB Input Pulse Exciting a Dipole of Different Lengths
    6. 4.5 Time Domain Responses of Some Special Antennas
    7. 4.6 Two Ultrawideband Antennas of Century Bandwidth
    8. 4.7 Experimental Verification of Distortionless Transmission of Ultrawideband Signals
    9. 4.8 Distortionless Transmission and Reception of Ultrawideband Signals Fitting the FCC Mask
    10. 4.9 Simultaneous Transmission of Information and Power in Wireless Antennas
    11. 4.10 Effect of Broadband Matching in Simultaneous Information and Power Transfer
    12. 4.11 Conclusion
    13. References
  7. Index
  8. End User License Agreement

Product information

  • Title: The Physics and Mathematics of Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Cellular Wireless Communication
  • Author(s): Tapan K. Sarkar, Magdalena Salazar Palma, Mohammad Najib Abdallah
  • Release date: July 2018
  • Publisher(s): Wiley-IEEE Press
  • ISBN: 9781119393115