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The Power Grid

Book Description

The Power Grid: Smart, Secure, Green and Reliable offers a diverse look at the traditional engineering and physics aspects of power systems, also examining the issues affecting clean power generation, power distribution, and the new security issues that could potentially affect the availability and reliability of the grid.

The book looks at growth in new loads that are consuming over 1% of all the electrical power produced, and how combining those load issues of getting power to the regions experiencing growth in energy demand can be addressed. In addition, it considers the policy issues surrounding transmission line approval by regulators.

With truly multidisciplinary content, including failure analysis of various systems, photovoltaic, wind power, quality issues with clean power, high-voltage DC transmission, electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic interference, privacy concerns, and data security, this reference is relevant to anyone interested in the broad area of power grid stability.

  • Discusses state–of-the-art trends and issues in power grid reliability
  • Offers guidance on purchasing or investing in new technologies
  • Includes a technical document relevant to public policy that can help all stakeholders understand the technical issues facing a green, secure power grid

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of Figures
  6. List of Tables
  7. List of Contributors
  8. Preface
  9. 1. Evolution of the Traditional Power System
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Introduction
    3. 1.2 Electric Power System Fundamentals
    4. 1.3 Evolution and Outlook
    5. References
  10. 2. Transmission Grid Smart Technologies
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Smart Electric Transmission Grid: A Definition
    4. 2.3 Smart Grid Road Map
    5. 2.4 Understanding Transmission System Performance and Operation
    6. 2.5 Role of Power Electronics in Smart Transmission Grids
    7. 2.6 Functional Applications of HVDC Transmission Technology
    8. 2.7 Monitoring
    9. 2.8 Synchro-Phasor Measurement Technology
    10. 2.9 Conclusion and Outlook
    11. References
  11. 3. Advances in Power Converters
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction to Power Conversion
    3. 3.2 Power Electronics and Solid-State Transformers
    4. 3.3 Grid Integration of Distributed Power Sources
    5. 3.4 Integration of EVs
    6. 3.5 Future Trends
    7. References
  12. 4. Smart Grid Energy Storage
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Energy Storage Technologies
    4. 4.3 Energy Storage Applications
    5. 4.4 Key Challenges to Widespread Deployment
    6. 4.5 Trends and Future Outlook
    7. 4.6 Market and Regulatory Trends
    8. References
  13. 5. Electromagnetic Interference Considerations for Electrical Power Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Introduction
    3. 5.2 Sources of EMI
    4. 5.3 Worker and Public Safety
    5. 5.4 Summary
    6. References
  14. 6. HVDC Transmission for Renewable Energy Integration
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 History of HVDC
    4. 6.3 High Voltage Direct Current Converter Station Technologies
    5. 6.4 HVDC Transmission Configurations
    6. 6.5 AC Versus DC
    7. 6.6 Summary
    8. 6.7 Conclusion
    9. References
  15. 7. Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Smart Grids
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 System Architecture
    4. 7.3 Energy Load to the US Grid System
    5. 7.4 Industry Trends for the Emerging Smart Grid
    6. 7.5 Unequal Utilization of the Distribution Transformer Thermal Life With Vehicle Charging
    7. 7.6 Hotspot Temperature in a Distribution Transformer With Vehicle Charging
    8. 7.7 Overview of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
    9. 7.8 Distributed Power Generation With Super Capacitor Storage
    10. 7.9 Load Flow and Power Flow Demand
    11. 7.10 Synergistic Operation of Hybrid Vehicles and the Smart Grid
    12. 7.11 Availability of the Hybrid Vehicle for V2G Ancillary Services
    13. 7.12 Charging Systems for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
    14. 7.13 Hybrid Vehicle as a Miniature Power System
    15. 7.14 Impact of EVs and PHEVs on the Distribution System With and Without V2G
    16. 7.15 V2G Complexities for Hybrid Vehicle Systems
    17. 7.16 Interconnection and Communication Standards for V2G Power
    18. 7.17 Hybrid Vehicle as a Stand-Alone Emergency Power System
    19. 7.18 Vehicle to Grid of the Future
    20. 7.19 Expectations for the Future
    21. References
  16. 8. Cybersecurity for the Smart Grid
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Cybersecurity Best Practices and Guidelines for the Power Industry
    4. 8.3 Cybersecurity Risk Assessments and Tools
    5. 8.4 Challenges and Conclusions
    6. Further Reading
  17. 9. Big Data and Monitoring the Grid
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Introduction
    3. 9.2 Smart Grid Big Data Challenge
    4. 9.3 Informative Feature Extraction
    5. 9.4 Event Monitoring
    6. 9.5 Energy Consumption Forecasting
    7. 9.6 Visualization
    8. 9.7 Big Data Infrastructure
    9. 9.8 Future Trends
    10. References
  18. 10. Prognostics for the Power Industry
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Statistical Reliability and Prognostics
    4. 10.3 Prognostics for Utility Infrastructure
    5. 10.4 Large Scale Grid Health Monitoring
    6. 10.5 Prognostics for Residences
    7. 10.6 Future Trends
    8. References
  19. Index