Mind/body dualism


4th century BCE Greek philosopher Plato claims that the body is from the material world, but the soul, or mind, is from the immortal world of ideas.

4th century BCE Greek philosopher Aristotle says that the soul and body are inseparable: the soul is the actuality of the body.


1710 In A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley claims that the body is merely the perception of the mind.

1904 In Does Consciousness Exist? William James asserts that consciousness is not a separate entity but a function of particular experiences.

The idea that the mind and ...

Get The Psychology Book now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience books, live events, courses curated by job role, and more from O’Reilly and nearly 200 top publishers.