RG

IN CONTEXT

APPROACH

Memory studies

BEFORE

1878 Hermann Ebbinghaus conducts the first scientific study of human memory.

1927 Bluma Zeigarnik describes how interrupted tasks are better remembered than uninterrupted ones.

1960s Jerome Bruner stresses the importance of organization and categorization in the learning process.

AFTER

1979 Elizabeth Loftus looks at distortions of memory in her book Eyewitness Testimony.

1981 Gordon H. Bower makes the link between events and emotions in memory.

2001 Daniel Schacter publishes The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers.

Memory was one of the first fields of study for psychologists in the 19th century, ...

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