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RG

IN CONTEXT

APPROACH

Memory studies

BEFORE

1927 Bluma Zeigarnik describes the “Zeigarnik effect” of interrupted tasks being better remembered than uninterrupted ones.

1956 George Armitage Miller’s The Magical Number 7, Plus or Minus 2 provides a cognitive model for storage in short-term memory.

1972 Endel Tulving makes a distinction between semantic and episodic memory.

AFTER

1977 Roger Brown coins the term “flashbulb memory” for autobiographical memory connected with highly emotional events.

2001 Daniel Schacter publishes The Seven Sins of Memory, which categorizes the ways that memory can fail.

The 1950s saw a revival of interest in the study of memory. ...

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