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RG

IN CONTEXT

APPROACH

Memory studies

BEFORE

1885 Hermann Ebbinghaus describes the “forgetting curve” in Memory.

1932 Frederic Bartlett lists seven ways in which a story may be misremembered in his book Remembering.

1956 George Armitage Miller publishes his paper The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two.

1972 Endel Tulving makes the distinction between semantic and episodic memory.

AFTER

1995 Elizabeth Loftus studies retroactive memory in The Formation of False Memories.

2005 US psychologist Susan Clancy studies apparent memories of alien abduction.

Forgetting, Daniel Schacter believes, is an essential function of human memory, allowing it to work efficiently. ...

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