Cognitive behavioral therapy
1950s Joseph Wolpe applies behaviorist ideas to clinical psychology in techniques such as systematic desensitization.
1952 Behavior and personality theorist Hans J. Eysenck causes controversy with claims that psychotherapy has no beneficial effect.
1955 Albert Ellis offers an alternative to traditional psychotherapy with his Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
1960s Aaron Beck questions whether psychoanalytical therapy is effective; he goes on to develop cognitive therapy.
2000s Cognitive behavioral therapy becomes a standard treatment for anxiety, panic attacks, and other disorders.