Investigation into the workings of the mind dates back to the earliest civilizations, although it was largely philosophical in nature, rather than scientific in the modern sense. It was only with major advances in the biological sciences in the second half of the 19th century that a truly scientific analysis of our mental processes became possible—giving rise to psychology as a distinct area of study. The ideas and discoveries of some of the key researchers in the field have been examined already in this book, but many more have contributed to the growth of psychology as a respected science in its own right. From structuralists to behaviorists, ...

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