Chapter 5

Operations Management and Water Pollution

History

The nation’s war effort for World War II involved a rapid increase in industrial activity directed toward the production of weaponry, armored tanks, airplanes, munitions, and the like, causing a major increase in water pollution levels. The U.S. Congress responded by introducing the Water ­Pollution Control Act of 1948.2 The law was designed to protect the nation’s waterways from industrial pollution, but the efficacy of the law depended upon the various states to develop and enforce adequately protective regulations. As it turned out, the dependence on state enforcement was the law’s fatal flaw, and it was not fully addressed in the subsequent six amendments and additions to water ...

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