Chapter Eight

Examinations and Assessment

In the traditional curriculum model the fourth element is usually evaluation and it is generally agreed that this is actually part of the curriculum process. However, in the teaching and learning model that is under discussion here the examination and assessment of students constitutes the fourth element. Assessment is used throughout this chapter to refer to any form of evaluation of students in their educational work, grading to indicate a symbolic representation of the assessment and examination to the process, usually formal, of setting exercises that are completed, assessed, graded and the results published so that usually the students obtain some form of certificate or diploma. It will be recalled ...

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