2Apprenticeships: The First Learning Experience

2.1. Introduction

Apprenticeships are based on the idea of lifelong learning by highlighting the role of the “social subject learner” in the development of individual and collective skills (Square 2018). Apprenticeships bring training and work closer together during professional life until they merge.

The experience of alternating between school and work, experienced by apprentices, develops in them favorable dispositions to learning in all formal or informal situations, in an experiential or didactic way, self-directed or not, intentional or accidental. As a result, the apprentice, immersed in a 70/20/10 apprenticeship model, acquires a permanent apprenticeship dynamic that will accompany him or her throughout his or her professional life and allow him or her to become a serial learner.

2.2. The apprentice in the 70/20/10 apprenticeship model

The 70/20/10 model is the result of research on the apprenticeship process and skills acquisition conducted by McCall, Eichinger and Lombardo of the Center for Creative Leadership (1996). The model divides our way of learning and training into three distinct areas: 70% of our learning is done through our experiences and practices, 20% through our social interactions and 10% comes from a formal mechanism through traditional training channels.

The interest of the model is in taking into account the environment as well as the employees’ appetite for training. On-the-job training and action-based ...

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