CHAPTER 11

Health Care

Introduction

In terms of the world’s metaproblems, one of the greatest is the continuing rising costs of health care provision. The factors influencing this cost spiral include (i) ongoing advances in medical technology, (ii) rising levels of obesity, and (iii) population aging. This latter factor is critical because older people face expensive illnesses, such as cancer; heart conditions; and mental problems, such as dementia. In those cases where a government funds a major proportion of health care provision, the financial burden is approaching the point where ongoing affordability has become an unmanageable burden for the welfare state. Similarly, where health care is funded through medical insurance, premiums have become ...

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