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Theory Building in Applied Disciplines by

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8Refine Phase

THE REFINE PHASE presents a tenacity challenge to the theory builder of applied disciplines. Because of the real-world focus and the ever-changing world, applied theories need to be continually refined to assure their present-day integrity. Thus, the lines between the Apply and Refine phases are blurred. Applied theories are never finished. Theories must undergo continuous assessment of their fit and utility in the ever-changing world of practice. The Refine Phase involves a variety of activities that may push the theorist to revisit all of the other theory building phases. By necessity, the Refine Phase occurs over time. “The intentional outcome of this phase is to ensure that the theory is current and relevant, and that it continues ...

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