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Thermal Engineering by Sukumar Pati, Sadhu Singh

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Chapter 10

Internal Combustion Engine Systems

10.1 ❐ INTRODUCTION

An engine may be defined as a device which converts one form of energy into mechanical energy. Mechanical energy can be further easily converted into electrical energy which is easier to transport and control. Heat engine is a cyclic device which transforms heat energy into mechanical energy.

Heat engines are classified into the following:

  1. External combustion engines
  2. Internal combustion engines

In an external combustion engine, the fuel is burned outside the engine and the generated heat is supplied to the working fluid of the engine for power generation. Steam engine is an example of an external combustion engine in which fuel is burned in the boiler to generate steam, which ...

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