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Thermal Engineering by Sukumar Pati, Sadhu Singh

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Chapter 18

Introduction to Refrigeration

18.1 ❐ INTRODUCTION

The process of producing cold by artificial means may be called refrigeration. The term ‘refrigeration’ may be defined as the artificial withdrawal of heat, producing in a substance or within a space, a temperature lower than that which would exist under the natural influence of surroundings. In other words, the refrigeration means a continued extraction of heat from a body whose temperature is already below the temperature of its surroundings. In refrigeration, heat is virtually being pumped from a lower temperature to a higher temperature.

According to the second law of thermodynamics, the extraction of heat from a body at lower temperature to a higher temperature can only be performed ...

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