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Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Industries

Book Description

Thermal Insulation Handbook for the Oil and Gas Industries addresses relative design, materials, procedures, and standard installation necessities for various oil and gas infrastructure such as pipelines, subsea equipment, vessels, and tanks. With the continued increase in available natural gas ready to export — especially LNG — and the definition of "deepwater" changing every year, an understanding of thermal insulation is more critical than ever. This one-of-a-kind handbook helps oil and gas engineers ensure that their products are exporting safely and that the equipment's integrity is protected. Topics include:

  • Design considerations and component selection, including newer materials such as cellular glass
  • Methods to properly install the insulation material and notable inspection and safety considerations in accordance with applicable US and international standards, specifically designed for the oil and gas industry
  • Calculations to make sure that every scenario is considered and requirements for size, composition, and packaging are met effectively
  • Understand all appropriate, new and existing, insulation material properties as well as installation requirements
  • Gain practical knowledge on factors affecting insulation efficiency, rules of thumb, and links to real-world case studies
  • Maximize flow assurance safely and economically with critical calculations provided

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Preface
  7. About the Author
  8. Chapter One. Design and Application of Thermal Insulation
    1. 1.1. Purpose of Thermal Insulation
    2. 1.2. Design Considerations
    3. 1.3. Selection of Thermal Insulating Systems
    4. 1.4. Design Considerations
    5. 1.5. Heat Transfer Through Insulation
    6. 1.6. Economic Thickness of Insulation
    7. 1.7. Methods of Obtaining Economic Thickness
    8. 1.8. Hot Insulation Thickness
    9. 1.9. Cold Insulation Thickness
    10. 1.10. Calculation of Thickness of Insulating Material Required to Prevent Condensation
    11. 1.11. Heat-Traced Pipe: Insulation Thickness
    12. 1.12. Relationship of System Requirements to the Design of Insulation Systems and to the Properties of Materials Used
    13. 1.13. General Application of Thermal Insulation
    14. 1.14. Characteristics of Insulating and Accessory Materials
    15. 1.15. Consideration of Characteristics of Accessory Materials
    16. 1.16. Selection of Insulation and Accessory Materials
    17. 1.17. Fastening Materials
    18. 1.18. Jacketing Materials
    19. 1.19. Finishing Materials
    20. 1.20. Rapid Estimation of Heat Losses from Oil and Gas Process Piping and Equipment Surfaces
    21. 1.21. Corrosion Considerations in Design and Application of Thermal Insulation
  9. Chapter Two. Thermal Insulation Installations
    1. 2.1. Phases
    2. 2.2. Installation System Details
    3. 2.3. Application Procedure
    4. 2.4. Extent of Insulation
    5. 2.5. Hot Insulation
    6. 2.6. Cold Insulation
    7. 2.7. Finishes
    8. 2.8. Methods of Insulation Application
    9. 2.9. Hot Insulation Application
    10. 2.10. Valves, Flanges, and Fittings
    11. 2.11. Cold Insulation Application
    12. 2.12. Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Irregular Surfaces
    13. 2.13. Cold Spheres
    14. 2.14. Prefabricated Underground Pipe Systems
    15. 2.15. Inspection and Maintenance of Existing Insulation Systems
    16. 2.16. Surface Preparation for Thermal Insulation Installation
    17. 2.17. Degreasing
  10. Chapter Three. Material Selection for Thermal Insulation
    1. 3.1. Mineral Fiber Preformed Pipe Thermal Insulation
    2. 3.2. Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation
    3. 3.3. Mineral Fiber Blanket and Blanket-Type Pipe Thermal Insulation
    4. 3.4. Calcium Silicate Preformed Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation
    5. 3.5. Cellular Glass/Foam Glass Thermal Insulation
    6. 3.6. Corkboard and Cork Pipe Thermal Insulation
    7. 3.7. Spray-Applied Rigid-Cellular Polyurethane (PUR) and Polyisocyanurate (PIR) Thermal Insulation
    8. 3.8. Preformed Rigid-Cellular Polyurethane (PUR) and Polyisocyanurate (PIR) Thermal Insulation
    9. 3.9. Miscellaneous Materials to Be Used with Thermal Insulation
  11. Chapter Four. Cryogenic Insulation Systems for LNG Industries
    1. 4.1. Polyurethane
    2. 4.2. Multilayer Insulation: Super Insulation
    3. 4.3. Foam Insulation
    4. 4.4. Perlite
    5. 4.5. Cetrafoam
    6. 4.6. Other Insulation Systems
    7. 4.7. Cryogenic Insulation System Performance
    8. 4.8. Armaflex Cryogenic Systems
    9. 4.9. Aerogels
    10. 4.10. Cryogenic Vacuum Pipe
  12. Chapter Five. Thermal Insulation for Offshore Installations in Deep Water
    1. 5.1. Steady and Transient Solutions for Flowline Temperature
    2. 5.2. Materials Development
    3. 5.3. Flow Assurance: Thermal Reach
    4. 5.4. Insulation Material Selection
  13. Definitions and Terminology
  14. Bibliography, References, and Further Reading
  15. Index