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Thermal Power Plant

Book Description

Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation deals with various aspects of a thermal power plant, providing a new dimension to the subject, with focus on operating practices and troubleshooting, as well as technology and design. Its author has a 40-long association with thermal power plants in design as well as field engineering, sharing his experience with professional engineers under various training capacities, such as training programs for graduate engineers and operating personnel.

Thermal Power Plant presents practical content on coal-, gas-, oil-, peat- and biomass-fueled thermal power plants, with chapters in steam power plant systems, start up and shut down, and interlock and protection. Its practical approach is ideal for engineering professionals.

  • Focuses exclusively on thermal power, addressing some new frontiers specific to thermal plants
  • Presents both technology and design aspects of thermal power plants, with special treatment on plant operating practices and troubleshooting
  • Features a practical approach ideal for professionals, but can also be used to complement undergraduate and graduate studies

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. Preface
  8. List of Acronyms/Abbreviations
  9. Chapter 1. Steam Power Plant Cycles
    1. 1.1 Introduction
    2. 1.2 Laws of Thermodynamics
    3. 1.3 Carnot Cycle
    4. 1.4 Stirling Cycle
    5. 1.5 Ericsson Cycle
    6. 1.6 Rankine Cycle
    7. 1.7 Kalina Cycle
    8. 1.8 Binary Vapor Cycle
    9. 1.9 Problems
    10. Bibliography
  10. Chapter 2. Steam Generators
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Boiling and Circulation
    3. 2.3 Design
    4. 2.4 Classification and Utilization
    5. 2.5 Boiler Mounting and Accessories
    6. 2.6 Superheaters and Reheaters
    7. 2.7 Economizers
    8. 2.8 Air Heaters
    9. 2.9 Insulation
    10. 2.10 Supercritical Boilers
    11. 2.11 Problems
    12. Bibliography
  11. Chapter 3. Fuels and Combustion
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Sources of Chemical Energy
    3. 3.3 Availability of Fuels
    4. 3.4 Characteristics of Coal
    5. 3.5 Other Solid Fuels
    6. 3.6 Petroleum and Natural Gas
    7. 3.7 Principles of Combustion
    8. 3.8 Combustion Calculations
    9. 3.9 Design Aspect of Burner
    10. 3.10 Flame Stability
    11. 3.11 Design Aspects of Furnace
    12. 3.12 Problems
    13. Bibliography
  12. Chapter 4. Pulverized Coal-Fired Boilers
    1. 4.1 Brief History
    2. 4.2 Combustion of Pulverized Coal
    3. 4.3 Pulverizer Performance
    4. 4.4 Coal Burners (Figure 4.8)
    5. 4.5 Pulverizer System Design
    6. 4.6 Classification of Pulverizers
    7. 4.7 Coal Preparation Systems
    8. 4.8 Coal Feeders
    9. Bibliography
  13. Chapter 5. Fluidized-Bed Combustion Boilers
    1. 5.1 Brief History
    2. 5.2 The Technology
    3. 5.3 Categories of FBC
    4. 5.4 Design Variables
    5. 5.5 Bubbling Fluidized-bed Combustion (BFBC) Boilers
    6. 5.6 Circulating Fluidized-bed Combustion (CFBC) Boilers
    7. 5.7 Pressurized Fluidized-bed Combustion (PFBC) Boilers
    8. 5.8 Start-Up and Loading of PFBC Boilers
    9. 5.9 Problems
    10. Bibliography
  14. Chapter 6. Steam Turbines
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Type of Steam Turbine
    3. 6.3 Classification of Steam Turbines
    4. 6.4 Components of Steam Turbines
    5. 6.5 Methods of Turbine Governing
    6. 6.6 Turbine Governing System
    7. 6.7 Turbine Lubrication System
    8. 6.8 Speed Control System
    9. 6.9 Turbine Losses
    10. 6.10 Operating Regime
    11. Bibliography
  15. Chapter 7. Gas Turbine and Heat Recovery Steam Generator
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Ideal Brayton Cycle
    3. 7.3 Real Brayton Cycle
    4. 7.4 Improvement of Performance
    5. 7.5 Gas Turbine Systems and Equipment
    6. 7.6 Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG)
    7. 7.7 Problems
    8. Bibliography
  16. Chapter 8. Diesel Power Plant
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Thermodynamic Cycle
    3. 8.3 Design
    4. 8.4 Equipment and Accessories
    5. 8.5 Diesel Engine Systems
    6. 8.6 Problems
    7. Bibliography
  17. Chapter 9. Steam Power Plant Systems
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Mechanical Systems
    3. 9.3 Electrical Systems
  18. Chapter 10. Automatic Control
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Automatic Boiler Control
    3. 10.3 Automatic Control of Turbine
    4. 10.4 Coordinated Control System
    5. 10.5 Automatic Control of Regenerative System
    6. Bibliography
  19. Chapter 11. Interlock and Protection
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Steam Generator
    3. 11.3 Fuel-Firing Equipment
    4. 11.4 Steam Turbine
    5. 11.5 Gas Turbine
    6. 11.6 Diesel Engine
    7. 11.7 Generator (Alternator)
    8. Bibliography
  20. Chapter 12. Start-Up and Shut-Down
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Start-Up of Steam Generator
    3. 12.3 Normal Shut-Down of Steam Generator
    4. 12.4 Emergency Shut-Down of Steam Generator
    5. 12.5 Start-Up of Steam Turbine
    6. 12.6 Normal Shut-Down of Steam Turbine
    7. 12.7 Emergency Shut-Down of Steam Turbine
    8. 12.8 APS
    9. 12.9 Start-Up of Gas Turbine
    10. 12.10 Normal Shut-Down of Gas Turbine
    11. 12.11 Emergency Shut-Down of Gas Turbine
    12. 12.12 Start-Up of Diesel Engine
    13. 12.13 Normal Shut-Down of Diesel Engine
    14. 12.14 Emergency Shut-Down of Diesel Engine
    15. Bibliography
  21. Chapter 13. Abnormal Operating Conditions
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Abnormal Operating Conditions of Steam Generators
    3. 13.3 Abnormal Operating Conditions of Steam Turbines
    4. 13.4 Abnormal Operating Conditions of Gas Turbines
    5. 13.5 Abnormal Operating Conditions of Diesel Engines
    6. 13.6 General Electrical Faults
    7. Bibliography
  22. Chapter 14. Air Pollution Control
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 Control of Suspended Particulate Emission
    3. 14.3 Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emission
    4. 14.4 Methods of SOX Emission Control
    5. 14.5 Methods of NOx Emission Control
    6. 14.6 Reduction of Mercury Emission
    7. 14.7 Problems
    8. Bibliography
  23. Chapter 15. Codes and Standards for Power Plant Design and Operation
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Benefits
    3. 15.3 Issuing Organizations
    4. 15.4 Commonly Used Codes and Standards
    5. Bibliography
  24. Appendix A. Power from Renewable Energy
    1. A.1 Introduction
    2. A.2 Solar Energy
    3. A.3 Wind Energy
    4. A.4 Geothermal Energy
    5. A.5 Ocean Thermal Energy
    6. A.6 Tidal Energy
    7. A.7 Wave Energy
    8. A.8 Hydraulic Turbine
    9. A.9 Energy From Biomass
    10. Bibliography
  25. Appendix B. Power from Nuclear Energy
    1. B.1 Introduction
    2. B.2 Pressurized-Water Reactor (PWR)
    3. B.3 Boiling-Water Reactor (BWR)
    4. B.4 Gas-Cooled Reactor (GCR)
    5. B.5 Heavy-Water Reactor (HWR)
    6. B.6 Fast-Breeder Reactor (FBR)
    7. Bibliography
  26. Appendix C
  27. Index