Chapter 9

Cement Kiln Process Modeling to Achieve Energy Efficiency by Utilizing Agricultural Biomass as Alternative Fuels

Azad Rahman, M.G. Rasul, M.M.K. Khan and S. Sharma,    School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, QLD, Australia

Cement manufacturing is an energy-intensive and heavy pollutant emissions process. Waste-derived alternative fuels are widely used to reduce the pollutant emissions and the use of fossil fuel. Within the cement kiln, it requires about 40–50% of total thermal energy to complete the complex chemical reactions of clinker formation. High kiln temperature and the intrinsic ability for clinker to absorb and lock contaminants into the clinker allow the kiln to burn a wide range of ...

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