Change is a fact of managerial life. Organizations change. Markets change. Leaders change. Contexts change. Technologies change. There is nothing new in this. Perhaps one of the biggest conceits of our time is the belief that our age is characterized by change at an unprecedented level. Change is the default setting of managerial life and of life itself. Everyone in a managerial or leadership role is involved with change.
MIT’s Edgar Schein believes that organizational culture evolves through a number of distinctive stages and that each stage requires a different type of leadership. For Schein, effective leadership does not depend so much on the individual activities a leader encounters during the day as it does on which ...