Towards 4D Bioprinting

Book description

Towards 4D Printing presents the current state of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting and its recent offspring, 4D bioprinting. These are attractive approaches to tissue engineering because they hold the promise of building bulky tissue constructs with incorporated vasculature. Starting with the discussion of 3D and 4D printing of inanimate objects, the book presents several 3D bioprinting techniques and points out the challenges imposed by living cells on the bioprinting process. It argues that, in order to fine-tune the bioprinter, one needs a quantitative analysis of the conditions experienced by cells during printing. Once the printing is over, the construct evolves according to mechanisms known from developmental biology. These are described in the book along with computer simulations that aim to predict the outcome of 3D bioprinting.In addition, the book provides the latest information on the principles and applications of 4D bioprinting, such as for medical devices and assistive technology. The last chapter discusses the perspectives of the field. This book provides an up-to date description of the theoretical tools developed for the optimization of 3D bioprinting, presents the morphogenetic mechanisms responsible for the post-printing evolution of the bioprinted construct and describing computational methods for simulating this evolution, and discusses the leap from 3D to 4D bioprinting in the light of the latest developments in the field. Most importantly, Towards 4D Printing explains the importance of theoretical modeling for the progress of 3D and 4D bioprinting.
  • Presents theoretical tools needed for the optimization of the bioprinting process
  • Describes the principles and implementation of computer simulations needed to predict the outcome of 3D bioprinting
  • Analyzes the distinctive features of 4D bioprinting along with its applications and perspectives

Table of contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Chapter 1. Introduction
    1. 1. Early milestones of 3D printing
    2. 2. Bioprinting—a form of biofabrication
  6. Chapter 2. 4D printing: definition, smart materials, and applications
    1. 1. A technology inspired by life
    2. 2. Stimulus-responsive materials developed for 4D printing
    3. 3. Applications of 4D printing
  7. Chapter 3. 3D and 4D printing of medical devices
    1. 1. From medical imaging to patient-matched anatomical models and surgical templates
    2. 2. The 3D printing of medical devices at the point of care
  8. Chapter 4. 3D and 4D printing of assistive technology
    1. 1. Orthoses and prostheses
    2. 2. Assistive devices for daily living
  9. Chapter 5. 3D Bioprinting techniques
    1. 1. Extrusion-based bioprinting
    2. 2. Droplet-based bioprinting
    3. 3. Light-based bioprinting
    4. 4. Spheroid-based bioprinting
  10. Chapter 6. Theoretical methods for the optimization of 3D bioprinting: printability, formability, and cell survival
    1. 1. Theoretical tools in the optimization of extrusion-based bioprinting
    2. 2. Mathematical and computational methods for improving droplet-based bioprinting
    3. 3. Optimization of photopolymerization-based bioprinting
  11. Chapter 7. Multicellular self-assembly
    1. 1. The differential adhesion hypothesis
    2. 2. Tissue surface tension
    3. 3. Tissue viscosity and the fusion of tissue spheroids
  12. Chapter 8. Postprinting evolution of 3D-bioprinted tissue constructs
    1. 1. Monte Carlo models of single-cell resolution
    2. 2. Particle dynamics models
    3. 3. Phase field models
    4. 4. Lattice Boltzmann models
    5. 5. Conclusions and perspectives
  13. Chapter 9. The definition of 4D bioprinting
    1. 1. Working definitions of 4D bioprinting
    2. 2. Potential refinements
  14. Chapter 10. Applications of 4D bioprinting
    1. 1. Self-folding tubes
    2. 2. Shape morphing patches
  15. Chapter 11. Perspectives of 3D and 4D bioprinting
    1. 1. Mathematical modeling
    2. 2. Emergent bioprinting techniques and materials
    3. 3. Potential applications
  16. Index

Product information

  • Title: Towards 4D Bioprinting
  • Author(s): Adrian Neagu
  • Release date: November 2022
  • Publisher(s): Academic Press
  • ISBN: 9780128187456