An ontology is an explicit specification of a conceptualization (Gruber 1993, p. 199).
Moreover, I have always disliked the word ‘ontology’ (Hacking 2002, p. 1).
This chapter, along with several of those that follow, is directed towards the problem of representation and translation across knowledge systems and frameworks, with a particular focus on those used in the emerging world of the semantic web. Knowledge systems are all too frequently characterised in essentialist terms—as though, as the etymology of ‘data’ would suggest, they are merely the housing of neutral empirical givens. In this book we maintain, on the contrary, that systems always carry with them the assumptions of cultures ...