Chapter 5

Progressive Electrification of Road Vehicles

Abstract

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs), mostly in the form of off-road vehicles such as tugs, tractors and golf carts, have been employed for a long time, but electric cars for on-road use have never enjoyed great success on account of their capital cost, and range-per-charge and time-to-recharge limitations. Similarly, the disadvantages of conventional internal-combustion engines are well known–notably, low fuel efficiency and the fact that they are oversized for steady cruising in order to have sufficient power for hill climbing and overtaking. In recent years, it has been recognized that the individual limitations of BEVs and internal-combustion-engined vehicles (ICEVs) can be overcome ...

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