N. Schiopu, Université Paris-Est, CSTB, France
L. Tiruta-Barna, National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA), France
This chapter presents the main wood preservatives with respect to their potential hazard due to biocide release from treated wood products. The chapter first discusses the toxicological properties of the active substances and the chemistry of the treated wood products in the exposure conditions. Then, after presenting the main physico-chemical mechanisms at the origin of biocide release, a section is dedicated to methodologies applicable to toxicity assessment in service life scenarios. The main ecotoxic effects and examples of studies at laboratory or field scale are given, followed ...