Slawomir Kapralski

Memory, Identity, and Roma Transnational Nationalism

Roma (Gypsies),115 the largest European minority, form a diasporic population of about 15 million people worldwide. During World War II, Roma were persecuted on racist grounds by the Nazis, their allies and collaborators, a genocidal continuation of hundreds of years of oppression in Europe. The Roma of Germany, Austria, the Czech Lands, the Netherlands, and, to a certain extent, Poland, the Baltic states and the satellite Croatian fascist state perished in death camps, while large numbers of Roma from German-occupied Poland, the Soviet Union and Serbia were murdered in summary executions. The situation of Roma in the countries that were allies of Nazi German varied: from ...

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