Book description
The Complete, Unified, UptoDate Guide to Transport and Separation–Fully Updated for Today’s Methods and Software Tools
Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, Fifth Edition, offers a unified and uptodate treatment of momentum, heat, and mass transfer and separations processes. This edition–reorganized and modularized for better readability and to align with modern chemical engineering curricula–covers both fundamental principles and practical applications, and is a key resource for chemical engineering students and professionals alike.
This edition provides
New chapter objectives and summaries throughout
Better linkages between coverage of heat and mass transfer
More coverage of heat exchanger design
New problems based on emerging topics such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, and green engineering
New instructor resources: additional homework problems, exam questions, problemsolving videos, computational projects, and more
Part 1 thoroughly covers the fundamental principles of transport phenomena, organized into three sections: fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer.
Part 2 focuses on key separation processes, including absorption, stripping, humidification, filtration, membrane separation, gaseous membranes, distillation, liquid—liquid extraction, adsorption, ion exchange, crystallization and particlesize reduction, settling, sedimentation, centrifugation, leaching, evaporation, and drying.
The authors conclude with convenient appendices on the properties of water, compounds, foods, biological materials, pipes, tubes, and screens.
The companion website (trine.edu/transport5ed/) contains additional homework problems that incorporate today’s leading software, including Aspen/CHEMCAD, MATLAB, COMSOL, and Microsoft Excel.
Table of contents
 Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Copyright Page
 Dedication
 Contents
 Preface to the Fifth Edition
 About the Authors

PART 1 TRANSPORT PROCESSES: MOMENTUM, HEAT, AND MASS

Chapter 1 Introduction to Engineering Principles and Units
 1.0 Chapter Objectives
 1.1 Classification of Transport Processes and Separation Processes (Unit Operations)
 1.2 SI System of Basic Units Used in This Text and Other Systems
 1.3 Methods of Expressing Temperatures and Compositions
 1.4 Gas Laws and Vapor Pressure
 1.5 Conservation of Mass and Material Balances
 1.6 Energy and Heat Units
 1.7 Conservation of Energy and Heat Balances
 1.8 Numerical Methods for Integration
 1.9 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 2 Introduction to Fluids and Fluid Statics
 Chapter 3 Fluid Properties and Fluid Flows

Chapter 4 Overall Mass, Energy, and Momentum Balances
 4.0 Chapter Objectives
 4.1 Overall Mass Balance and Continuity Equation

4.2 Overall Energy Balance
 4.2A Introduction
 4.2B Derivation of Overall EnergyBalance Equation
 4.2C Overall Energy Balance for a SteadyState Flow System
 4.2D KineticEnergy Velocity Correction Factor α
 4.2E Applications of the Overall EnergyBalance Equation
 4.2F Overall MechanicalEnergy Balance
 4.2G Bernoulli Equation for MechanicalEnergy Balance
 4.3 Overall Momentum Balance
 4.4 Shell Momentum Balance and Velocity Profile in Laminar Flow
 4.5 Chapter Summary

Chapter 5 Incompressible and Compressible Flows in Pipes
 5.0 Chapter Objectives

5.1 Design Equations for Laminar and Turbulent Flow in Pipes
 5.1A Velocity Profiles in Pipes
 5.1B Pressure Drop and Friction Loss in Laminar Flow
 5.1C Pressure Drop and Friction Factor in Turbulent Flow
 5.1D Pressure Drop and Friction Factor in the Flow of Gases
 5.1E Effect of Heat Transfer on the Friction Factor
 5.1F Friction Losses in Expansion, Contraction, and Pipe Fittings
 5.1G Friction Loss in Noncircular Conduits
 5.1H Entrance Section of a Pipe
 5.1I Selection of Pipe Sizes
 5.2 Compressible Flow of Gases
 5.3 Measuring the Flow of Fluids
 5.4 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 6 Flows in Packed and Fluidized Beds

Chapter 7 Pumps, Compressors, and Agitation Equipment
 7.0 Chapter Objectives
 7.1 Pumps and GasMoving Equipment

7.2 Agitation, Mixing of Fluids, and Power Requirements
 7.2A Purposes of Agitation
 7.2B Equipment for Agitation
 7.2C Flow Patterns in Agitation
 7.2D Typical “Standard” Design of a Turbine
 7.2E Power Used in Agitated Vessels
 7.2F Agitator ScaleUp
 7.2G Mixing Times of Miscible Liquids
 7.2H Flow Number and Circulation Rate in Agitation
 7.2I Special Agitation Systems
 7.2J Mixing of Powders, Viscous Materials, and Pastes
 7.3 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 8 Differential Equations of Fluid Flow

Chapter 9 NonNewtonian Fluids
 9.0 Chapter Objectives
 9.1 NonNewtonian Fluids
 9.2 Friction Losses for NonNewtonian Fluids
 9.3 Velocity Profiles for NonNewtonian Fluids
 9.4 Determination of Flow Properties of NonNewtonian Fluids Using a Rotational Viscometer
 9.5 Power Requirements in Agitation and Mixing of NonNewtonian Fluids
 9.6 Chapter Summary

Chapter 10 Potential Flow and Creeping Flow
 10.0 Chapter Objectives
 10.1 Other Methods for Solution of Differential Equations of Motion
 10.2 Stream Function
 10.3 Differential Equations of Motion for Ideal Fluids (Inviscid Flow)
 10.4 Potential Flow and Velocity Potential
 10.5 Differential Equations of Motion for Creeping Flow
 10.6 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 11 BoundaryLayer and Turbulent Flow
 Chapter 12 Introduction to Heat Transfer

Chapter 13 SteadyState Conduction
 13.0 Chapter Objectives
 13.1 Conduction Heat Transfer
 13.2 Conduction Through Solids in Series or Parallel with Convection
 13.3 Conduction with Internal Heat Generation
 13.4 SteadyState Conduction in Two Dimensions Using Shape Factors
 13.5 Numerical Methods for SteadyState Conduction in Two Dimensions
 13.6 Chapter Summary

Chapter 14 Principles of UnsteadyState Heat Transfer
 14.0 Chapter Objectives
 14.1 Derivation of the Basic Equation
 14.2 Simplified Case for Systems with Negligible Internal Resistance

14.3 UnsteadyState Heat Conduction in Various Geometries
 14.3A Introduction and Analytical Methods
 14.3B UnsteadyState Conduction in a Semiinfinite Solid
 14.3C UnsteadyState Conduction in a Large Flat Plate
 14.3D UnsteadyState Conduction in a Long Cylinder
 14.3E UnsteadyState Conduction in a Sphere
 14.3F UnsteadyState Conduction in Two and ThreeDimensional Systems
 14.3G Charts for Average Temperature in a Plate, Cylinder, and Sphere with Negligible Surface Resistance
 14.4 Numerical FiniteDifference Methods for UnsteadyState Conduction
 14.5 Chilling and Freezing of Food and Biological Materials
 14.6 Differential Equation of Energy Change
 14.7 Chapter Summary

Chapter 15 Introduction to Convection
 15.0 Chapter Objectives
 15.1 Introduction and Dimensional Analysis in Heat Transfer
 15.2 BoundaryLayer Flow and Turbulence in Heat Transfer

15.3 Forced Convection Heat Transfer Inside Pipes
 15.3A HeatTransfer Coefficient for Laminar Flow Inside a Pipe
 15.3B HeatTransfer Coefficient for Turbulent Flow Inside a Pipe
 15.3C HeatTransfer Coefficient for Transition Flow Inside a Pipe
 15.3D HeatTransfer Coefficient for Noncircular Conduits
 15.3E EntranceRegion Effect on the HeatTransfer Coefficient
 15.3F LiquidMetals HeatTransfer Coefficient
 15.4 Heat Transfer Outside Various Geometries in Forced Convection
 15.5 Natural Convection Heat Transfer
 15.6 Boiling and Condensation
 15.7 Heat Transfer of NonNewtonian Fluids
 15.8 Special HeatTransfer Coefficients
 15.9 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 16 Heat Exchangers
 Chapter 17 Introduction to Radiation Heat Transfer
 Chapter 18 Introduction to Mass Transfer

Chapter 19 SteadyState Mass Transfer
 19.0 Chapter Objectives
 19.1 Molecular Diffusion in Gases
 19.2 Molecular Diffusion in Liquids
 19.3 Molecular Diffusion in Solids
 19.4 Diffusion of Gases in Porous Solids and Capillaries
 19.5 Diffusion in Biological Gels
 19.6 Special Cases of the General Diffusion Equation at Steady State
 19.7 Numerical Methods for SteadyState Molecular Diffusion in Two Dimensions
 19.8 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 20 UnsteadyState Mass Transfer

Chapter 21 Convective Mass Transfer
 21.0 Chapter Objectives

21.1 Convective Mass Transfer
 21.1A Introduction to Convective Mass Transfer
 21.1B Types of MassTransfer Coefficients
 21.1C MassTransfer Coefficients for the General Case of A and B Diffusing and Convective Flow Using Film Theory
 21.1D MassTransfer Coefficients under High Flux Conditions
 21.1E Methods for Experimentally Determining MassTransfer Coefficients
 21.2 Dimensional Analysis in Mass Transfer
 21.3 MassTransfer Coefficients for Various Geometries
 21.4 Mass Transfer to Suspensions of Small Particles
 21.5 Models for MassTransfer Coefficients
 21.6 Chapter Summary

Chapter 1 Introduction to Engineering Principles and Units

PART 2 SEPARATION PROCESS PRINCIPLES

Chapter 22 Absorption and Stripping
 22.0 Chapter Objectives

22.1 Equilibrium and Mass Transfer Between Phases
 22.1A Phase Rule and Equilibrium
 22.1B Gas–Liquid Equilibrium
 22.1C SingleStage Equilibrium Contact
 22.1D SingleStage Equilibrium Contact for a Gas–Liquid System
 22.1E Countercurrent MultipleContact Stages
 22.1F Analytical Equations for Countercurrent Stage Contact
 22.1G Introduction and Equilibrium Relations
 22.1H Concentration Profiles in Interphase Mass Transfer
 22.1I Mass Transfer Using Film MassTransfer Coefficients and Interface Concentrations
 22.1J Overall MassTransfer Coefficients and Driving Forces
 22.2 Introduction to Absorption
 22.3 Pressure Drop and Flooding in Packed Towers
 22.4 Design of Plate Absorption Towers
 22.5 Design of Packed Towers for Absorption
 22.6 Efficiency of RandomPacked and Structured Packed Towers
 22.7 Absorption of Concentrated Mixtures in Packed Towers
 22.8 Estimation of MassTransfer Coefficients for Packed Towers
 22.9 Heat Effects and Temperature Variations in Absorption
 22.10 Chapter Summary

Chapter 23 Humidification Processes
 23.0 Chapter Objectives
 23.1 Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity
 23.2 Introduction and Types of Equipment for Humidification

23.3 Theory and Calculations for CoolingWater Towers
 23.3A Theory and Calculations for CoolingWater Towers
 23.3B Design of WaterCooling Tower Using Film MassTransfer Coefficients
 23.3C Design of WaterCooling Tower Using Overall MassTransfer Coefficients
 23.3D Minimum Value of Air Flow
 23.3E Design of WaterCooling Tower Using the Height of a Transfer Unit
 23.3F Temperature and Humidity of an Air Stream in a Tower
 23.3G Dehumidification Tower
 23.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter 24 Filtration and Membrane Separation Processes (Liquid–Liquid or Solid–Liquid Phase)
 24.0 Chapter Objectives
 24.1 Introduction to DeadEnd Filtration
 24.2 Basic Theory of Filtration
 24.3 Membrane Separations
 24.4 Microfiltration Membrane Processes
 24.5 Ultrafiltration Membrane Processes

24.6 ReverseOsmosis Membrane Processes
 24.6A Introduction
 24.6B Flux Equations for Reverse Osmosis
 24.6C Effects of Operating Variables
 24.6D Concentration Polarization in ReverseOsmosis Diffusion Model
 24.6E Permeability Constants for ReverseOsmosis Membranes
 24.6F Types of Equipment for Reverse Osmosis
 24.6G CompleteMixing Model for Reverse Osmosis
 24.7 Dialysis
 24.8 Chapter Summary

Chapter 25 Gaseous Membrane Systems
 25.0 Chapter Objectives
 25.1 Gas Permeation
 25.2 CompleteMixing Model for Gas Separation by Membranes
 25.3 CompleteMixing Model for Multicomponent Mixtures
 25.4 CrossFlow Model for Gas Separation by Membranes

25.5 Derivation of Equations for Countercurrent and Cocurrent Flow for Gas Separation by Membranes
 25.5A Concentration Gradients in Membranes
 25.5B Derivation of Equations for Countercurrent Flow in DensePhase Symmetric Membranes
 25.5C Solution of Countercurrent Flow Equations in DensePhase Symmetric Membranes
 25.5D Derivation of Equations for Countercurrent Flow in Asymmetric Membranes
 25.5E Derivation of Equations for Cocurrent Flow in Asymmetric Membranes
 25.5F Effects of Processing Variables on Gas Separation
 25.6 Derivation of FiniteDifference Numerical Method for Asymmetric Membranes
 25.7 Chapter Summary

Chapter 26 Distillation
 26.0 Chapter Objectives
 26.1 Equilibrium Relations Between Phases
 26.2 Single and Multiple Equilibrium Contact Stages
 26.3 Simple Distillation Methods
 26.4 Binary Distillation with Reflux Using the McCabe–Thiele and Lewis Methods
 26.5 Tray Efficiencies
 26.6 Flooding Velocity and Diameter of Tray Towers Plus Simple Calculations for Reboiler and Condenser Duties
 26.7 Fractional Distillation Using the Enthalpy–Concentration Method

26.8 Distillation of Multicomponent Mixtures
 26.8A Introduction to Multicomponent Distillation
 26.8B Equilibrium Data in Multicomponent Distillation
 26.8C Boiling Point, Dew Point, and Flash Distillation
 26.8D Key Components in Multicomponent Distillation
 26.8E Total Reflux for Multicomponent Distillation
 26.8F Shortcut Method for the Minimum Reflux Ratio for Multicomponent Distillation
 26.8G Shortcut Method for Number of Stages at Operating Reflux Ratio
 26.9 Chapter Summary
 Chapter 27 Liquid–Liquid Extraction
 Chapter 28 Adsorption and Ion Exchange
 Chapter 29 Crystallization and Particle Size Reduction
 Chapter 30 Settling, Sedimentation, and Centrifugation
 Chapter 31 Leaching

Chapter 32 Evaporation
 32.0 Chapter Objectives
 32.1 Introduction
 32.2 Types of Evaporation Equipment and Operation Methods
 32.3 Overall HeatTransfer Coefficients in Evaporators
 32.4 Calculation Methods for SingleEffect Evaporators
 32.5 Calculation Methods for MultipleEffect Evaporators
 32.6 Condensers for Evaporators
 32.7 Evaporation of Biological Materials
 32.8 Evaporation Using Vapor Recompression
 32.9 Chapter Summary

Chapter 33 Drying
 33.0 Chapter Objectives
 33.1 Introduction and Methods of Drying
 33.2 Equipment for Drying
 33.3 Vapor Pressure of Water and Humidity
 33.4 Equilibrium Moisture Content of Materials
 33.5 RateofDrying Curves
 33.6 Calculation Methods for a ConstantRate Drying Period
 33.7 Calculation Methods for the FallingRate Drying Period
 33.8 Combined Convection, Radiation, and Conduction Heat Transfer in the ConstantRate Period
 33.9 Drying in the FallingRate Period by Diffusion and Capillary Flow
 33.10 Equations for Various Types of Dryers
 33.11 FreezeDrying of Biological Materials
 33.12 UnsteadyState Thermal Processing and Sterilization of Biological Materials
 33.13 Chapter Summary

Chapter 22 Absorption and Stripping

PART 3 APPENDIXES
 Appendix A.1 Fundamental Constants and Conversion Factors
 Appendix A.2 Physical Properties of Water
 Appendix A.3 Physical Properties of Inorganic and Organic Compounds
 Appendix A.4 Physical Properties of Foods and Biological Materials
 Appendix A.5 Properties of Pipes, Tubes, and Screens
 Appendix A.6 LennardJones Potentials as Determined from Viscosity Data
 Notation
 Index
Product information
 Title: Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles, 5th Edition
 Author(s):
 Release date: April 2018
 Publisher(s): Pearson
 ISBN: 9780134181592
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