7 GHetNet: A Framework Validating Green Mobile Femtocells in Smart‐Grids

Fadi Al‐Turjman1

Antalya Bilim University, Antalya, Turkey

7.1 Introduction

Mobile networks have been experiencing an explosive revolution in the recent decade over numerous radio access technologies such as GSM, LTE‐Advanced, Wi‐Fi, LiFi, etc., which provide a resilient tie to the Internet. This in turn has led to a massive amount of mobile applications among which the smart grid starts to be the foremost one [1, 2]. The smart grid has been evolved recently in managing our vast electricity demands in a sustainable, smart, and economic manner, while utilizing already existing heterogeneous networks' (HetNets) infrastructures. The smart grid is simply an energy network that can automatically monitor the flow of electricity in a city and adjust to changes in users' demands accordingly. It comes with smart meters, which are connected to the Internet to provide consumers/suppliers with smart decisions on their ongoing energy usage/production. For example, a number of smart home appliances such as the dishwasher and air conditioners can communicate with the grid using these smart meters and automatically manage their electricity usage to avoid peak times and make more profit. Within a smart and green grid, mobility has to be intended as the way in which customers can access and explore the grid resources using advanced and eco‐friendly electricity modes. This implies being aware of the available ...

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