9 Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Cities: Applications of Channel Bonding to Meet Data Communication Requirements

Syed Hashim Raza Bukhari1,2 Sajid Siraj1,3 and Mubashir Husain Rehmani1

1 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Wah Cantt, Pakistan

2 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan

3 University of Leeds, United Kingdom

9.1 Introduction, Basics, and Motivation

The world is facing a huge urbanization and it is believed that around 70% of the world's population will be living in cities by 2050 Jin et al. (2014). As cities are growing, the need to provide smart solutions to every problem is increasing exponentially. The concept of ubiquitous applications has attracted people but on the other hand has raised a lot of problems for data communication technologies. In this section, we discuss the basics and motivation of WSN applications in smart cities.

With the emergence of smart cities, several technologies also need to be upgraded to become inline with information and communication technologies (ICT) required for smart applications Dohler et al. (2013). In this regard, the MAC protocol responsible for collision‐free communication for WSNs in smart cities is being revised Alvi et al. (2016). The concept of Internet of Things (IoT) for smart cities aims to exploit the most advanced communication technologies to support citizens in smart cities Zanella et al. (2014), Jin et al. ( 2014). For this purpose, general IoT‐based architectures ...

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