11 Integration of Renewable Energy Resources in the Smart Grid: Opportunities and Challenges

Mohammad Upal Mahfuz1, Ahmed O. Nasif2 Md Maruf Hossain1 and Md. Abdur Rahman3

1Department of Natural and Applied Sciences (Engineering Technology Program), University of Wisconsin‐Green Bay, 2420 Nicolet Drive, Green Bay, Wisconsin, 54311, USA

2Department of Engineering Technology, University of Wisconsin‐Oshkosh, 800 Algoma Blvd. Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 54901, USA

3Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, American International University‐Bangladesh, House 83/B, Road 4, Kemal Ataturk Avenue, Banani, Dhaka, 1213, Bangladesh

11.1 Introduction

Electrical power grids are considered as an enormously important subject in the path of human civilization. An electrical power grid has mainly four components, namely, the generation, transmission, and distribution systems, and the customers. Apart from the customers, who are the users of electricity, the generation, transmission, and distribution systems are responsible for bringing electrical power from the generation sites through a complex network of transmission lines and distribution systems to the customer premises (Kirtley, 2010). It goes without saying that electrical power grids have contributed a lot to our individual lives, society as a whole, and its continuous development through many industrial and manufacturing processes. However, the existing power grids have been facing several issues at the present time ...

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